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develops a new way of thinking about the universe and aims to create a multidisciplinary community to face the challenges of the 21st century.
Photo by Alex Andrews on


COSMOS is a five-year project that intends to create a network of experts from the fields of space sciences, astrophysics, astronomy and cosmology who can systematically interact with philosophers on topics concerning theoretical and observational cosmology in order to develop categories suitable for understanding cosmology as a typical practice of the human being. Cosmology has its own history and evolution. In particular, this project aims to develop the field of the history and philosophy of cosmology starting from the awareness that the ability to do cosmology is deeply rooted in the foundations of mathematics, technological innovation and anthropology.

Principal Investigator: Dr Silvia De Bianchi

Contact us

Department of Philosophy “Piero Martinetti”, University of Milan
via Festa del Perdono 7, 20122 Milan, Italy

The project is sponsored by Fondazione Cariplo


The project is carried out in Milan, promoting collaboration with members of the Brera Observatory and in collaboration with the University of Milan.

Our main research questions

A) Relationship between man and idea of ​​the universe: why does the need of modeling the universe arise? What role new mathematical objects play for cosmological models?

B) Paradigm / testing relationship of a theory and its models: how do we use aerospace technology for experiments that confirm our theories, in particular Relativity? How do we use high-energy physics to study matter and the early stages of the universe? How do we use nuclear physics and other branches of physics to understand the evolution of stars and map the observable universe?

C) Technology and the role of analogical reasoning in space sciences and cosmology.

Our Objectives

1- Implement research in the history and philosophy of cosmology, including topics from space sciences

2- Establish a network of scientists (astrophysicists, cosmologists) and philosophers to pursue the development of categories for the understanding the universe and its processes

3- Create the possibility of inserting the history and philosophy of cosmology between training subjects in higher education

4- Share knowledge with the public on the challenges of the 21st century concerning our understanding of the universe and the use of space